Disibilities in Sri Lanka
There are about 1,500,000 persons with disabilities living in Sri Lanka. About 90% of them live in rural areas. The root cause of disability in developing countries is considered to be poverty and the things it causes like inadequate nutrition, disease, poor drinking water, improper hygiene, accidents, armed conflicts and genetic disorders etc. The per capital income in Sri Lanka is about SL Rs. 221,000 per year.

Education

The schools in rural areas have only basic facilities and they do not have enough qualified teachers. Most children have to walk several miles to reach the school. The disabled child has to depend on their parents or an adult in the family to take them to school. There are very little special facilities for disabled children at normal schools in Sri Lanka. Therefore most disabled children have very little or no education at all. Lack of proper education makes it difficult for the person when grown up to find employment or to engage in some form of income generating activity. Therefore one of the most important needs of persons with disabilities is proper education.

Employment

Persons with disabilities find it extremely difficult to secure employment in rural as well as other areas. Lack of education, transport, vocational training and competition in the labour market are the reasons. Employers prefer not to employ persons with disabilities thinking that they are less productive. The most important factor is education. With a good education, finding employment is not too difficult. If a person has a good basic education it is easy for him learn a skill and employers are more willing to hire them.

Personal Needs

The persons with motor and upper limb disabilities need wheel chairs, invalid tricycles, artificial limbs etc., so that they can become mobile and be useful citizens. This requirement of the persons with disabilities is not fully met by the authorities concerned mainly due to financial constraints.
Traditionally it is considered a family's responsibility to look after any member who has a disability. But in rural areas due to such factors as poverty, lack of knowledge and lack of facilities to rehabilitate them at home, they are forced to fall back on welfare schemes operated by the state and NGO's.